Green Is the New Black: Innovations Abound in Natural Ingredients for 2009.

JUST LIKE THE little black dress is always in style, natural products are now a staple of the household and personal care market. As a result, the growing demand for greener goods has marketers from prestige to mass hustling to incorporate eco-sourced ingredients into their brands--for the good of the Earth as well as sales. In fact, the natural personal care market in the U.

S. jumped 19% to $2 billion in sales for 2008, according to a recent study from market research firm Kline & Company, Little Falls, NJ. Furthermore, the Natural Marketing Institute of Harleysville, PA found sales of natural/organic personal care jumped 7% to $8.

4 billion for 2008 across all retail and direct-to-consumer channels. "Major marketers are in an excellent position to leverage the naturals proposition that began with the smaller niche players," says Carrie Mellage, director of Kline's Consumer Products practice. "Manufacturing economies of scale, a stronger position for negotiating supplier agreements, and well-developed distribution channels will allow master brands like Unilever's Dove and Colgate-Palmolive's Softsoap to ride the naturals wave even during lean times.

" And the demand is there. At least two out of three beauty product users say they are interested in some form of "eco-beauty" products being either natural, organic, green/eco-friendly, or socially conscious/responsible beauty SKUs, according to a report from Port Washington, NY-based marketing firm The NPD Group, Inc. "Whether the consumer demand is driven by the desire to save the planet, concerns about product safety and potential health risks, or just being 'on-trend,' being part of the current environmental movement makes good business sense," said Karen Grant, vice president and senior global beauty industry analyst at NPD.

The use of botanicals is growing 8% in the U.S. and Europe--according to Kline & Company's study, "Specialty Actives and Active Delivery Systems for Personal Care 2008"--outstripping the average 5.

4% growth of other specialty actives. In fact, the increased use of botanicals is one of the major changes in the cosmetics and toiletries industry in recent history, according to Kline. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Issues in the Industry Traceability, authentication of ingredients, regulatory issues and the ambiguity in the definition of "natural" are all prominent issues in today's natural ingredients market, according to Dr.

Lakshmi Prakash, Ph.D., vice president of innovation and business development, Sabinsa.

Sabinsa's latest ingredient targeting such matters is Saberry, an anti-aging superfruit that recently received Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) status, according to the company. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A big challenge is to source active materials in an environmentally sensitive manner, said Dr. Walter Smith, who is president, science and technology, Active Organics.

To gain a competitive advantage, his company often has to source unique materials, which have been only recently commercialized. "We usually buy crude extracts and do the final processing ourselves, and a challenge is to minimize the carbon footprint and the overall environmental impact of the process," said Dr. Smith, whose company recently rolled out Actimatrix, a mushroom extract with dermal stimulating properties; Actismoothe, an extract of cordyceps sinenis and coriolus versicolor that quells inflammation; and Actilipid, a wheat and forskolin extract for barrier repair.

"The science of natural product chemistry has advanced so much that everyone is expecting miracles from natural products," said Dr. Smith. "As a supplier, that means we have to ensure that our products live up to a higher efficacy standard.

This involves more development work and product testing, which means more time and money." Some suppliers are taking a worldwide approach to going green. For example, Arch Personal Care Products, South Plainfield, NJ, has formed a partnership with the Centroflora Group of Brazil for global distribution.

According to Lisa Bouldin, director of marketing at Arch, Centroflora Group, founded in 1957, is the South American leader in production and development of standardized botanical extracts. "The Arch-Centroflora alliance provides us with a sustainable organic botanical extract portfolio (trade named PhytoTerra) comprised of products from Brazil offered with full traceability of the produced extract, guaranteeing the safety and highest quality of raw materials," Ms. Bouldin told HAPPI.

"This effort will also offer committed companies the unique ability to source botanical extracts through Partnerships for a Better World. This program brings together industry, consumers and small rural producers by promoting family-sized farming and sustainable agricultural practices, which helps aid both the economy and environment." This outlook is also big with marketers.

"In my opinion, truly natural products are safer, more pleasantly fragrant and they work better. To me, natural is, more or less, it just fell from a tree or grew from the ground," said Bill Whyte (a.k.

a. Badger Bill), chief executive officer, The W.S.

Badger Company, Inc., Gilsum, NH. "Once you process something originally natural such as a fruit, flower, root or herb, with chemicals, it becomes a stretch of the imagination to still call that botanical natural.

" For example, Badger uses organic virgin coconut oil in its new Coconut Vanilla Every Day Moisturizer. "Most coconut oil on the market is derived from the dried flesh of the coconut, which requires further refining, bleaching and deodorizing, resulting in damaged oil," said Mr. Whyte.

"Badger's virgin coconut oil is fresh-processed--usually within an hour of cracking the coconut--which locks in the nutrients and the distinct aroma volatiles. This gives our moisturizer its signature exotic tropical fragrance. That is something a chemically processed ingredient cannot deliver.

" "In essence, all of our ingredients are minimally and naturally processed in this way," added Mr. Whyte. "Though the extraction method varies from ingredient to ingredient, we work with suppliers that use the gentlest extraction methods--such as cold-pressing--to insure that the botanicals and oils in our products are as fresh as they can be.

" The Body Shop also features coconut-infused body care products. According to the company, its Coconut Body Scrub and Coconut Body Butter--part of its "Summer Essentials 2009" SKUs--both feature Community Trade organic virgin coconut oil from Samoa. Additionally, the body butter contains Community Trade cocoa butter from Ghana.

The Body Shop's Community Trade program fosters trading relationships directly with marginalized communities around the world to source high quality natural ingredients, according to the company. Exotic sourcing is indeed a top trend in natural ingredients for 2009--as seen at Cosmetochem, who rolled out its Outback Spirit Botanicals range. According to the company, it is a partnership between Outback Spirit Pty.

, creator of the brand, and Cosmetochem International AG, and features exotic Australian fruits and plants redolent of the vast and wild Australian Outback. The ingredients are also derived from an ethical supply chain. For more on this collection, see page 64 in this edition of HAPPI.

Efficacy Is Everything Despite the growth in naturals, some consumers view natural products as less effective as compared to products that are based on the latest scientific technology, noted Lynn Mazzella, senior vice president of Origins Global Product Development and Sustainability, New York, NY. Her company uses therapeutic plant actives, such as white tea to protect the skin from age-accelerating environmental stressors, and rhodiola, to correct and re-firm the skin in a handful of skin care products. One of the key launches at Origins this season is Youthtopia Age-Correcting Serum with Rhodiola, said to visibly improve facial contours, lift and firm and minimize the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

The company will roll out Brighter by Nature Skin Tone Correcting Serum, said to be a natural alternative to laser resurfacing, this August. The product aims to help eliminate the appearance of stubborn dark spots and dullness in the skin with yeast extract, vitamin C, Japanese basil leaf and salicylic acid. Joshua Onysko, founder and chief executive officer of Pangea Organics, Boulder, CO, which sells it products at Whole Foods and Wegman's, agreed with Ms.

Mazzella that efficacy is a key concern in the green personal care market. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] "The biggest issue is that the natural personal care market for the most part only exists on paper; when you look closely at what the market considers to be natural there really is nothing natural about it," he told HAPPI, adding that it's rare to find an organic or natural product that actually stands up to its claims. "At Pangea, if it doesn't work better than their prestige counterparts, we don't put it out.

Organic ingredients have 40% more antioxidants then their conventional counterparts--therefore, with proper formulation, it should work better." Pangea's most recent rollouts include Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oil, which fights premature aging with a combination of essential and base oils derived from whole, organic, cold-pressed vegetables, seeds and nuts that are akin to the skin's natural composition, and Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream, said to contain all of the essential vitamins to protect, soften and nourish the delicate skin around the eyes--including rose, one of the world's most precious flower oils with the essence of 2000 petals in every drop. Some marketers are swapping out ingredients to improve their product lines for 2009.

For example, at Kiss My Face, the brand replaced ceteareth-20 with tapioca in its Potent & Pure Clean for a Day, an 83% organic soap-free facial cleanser. It also substituted rice protein for wheat protein previously in C the Change and UnderAge anti-aging serums to address wheat and gluten sensitivities. "Several other changes were made to add nutrients like aloe to some of the formulations, but these were not to make them cleaner--just to add benefit," said Lewis Goldstein, vice president of marketing, Kiss My Face, Gardiner, NY.

Defining a Movement With claims of greenwashing and misleading labels, the household and personal care industry is working hard to find a common ground in setting standards and guidelines for natural products--one step at as time. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] "Every company involved in the natural trend has set their own standards and each set deviates from the next," noted Victor Low, marketing executive, botanicals, Croda Inc., Edison, NJ, which recently introduced a variety of natural ingredients--from phytessence cimicifuga (black cohosh), a Native American anti-inflammatory to soothing South African Crodarom red bush (rooiboos).

Tom Kovats, vice president of Centerchem, Norwalk, CT--which debuted Xeradin, a moisturizing sage extract grown in extremely dry conditions--agreed. "The biggest issue confronting the naturals market today is determining a 'global' definition and harmonization of what is natural and organic," he told HAPPI. "The industry is working on the COSMOS standard, but until it is completed globally, it will continue to cause confusion and dilute the legitimacy of the terms.

" The COSMOS standard which is being developed at the international level by ICEA (Italy), BDIH (Germany), Bioforum (Belgium), Cosmebio/Ecocert (France) and Soil Association (UK)--will define minimum requirements and definitions for organic and/or natural cosmetics. According to Mr. Kovats, its establishment has been a step in the right direction.

"By establishing a European standard, the industry has begun to address the key issue facing the market, a patchwork of definitions and certifying organizations. Hopefully, a global standard can be established shortly." Mr.

Kovats' sentiments were echoed by makers of finished products in the industry, including Weleda. "Today, more than ever, we must protect the integrity of our industry. With the rise and exploding demand for natural and organic products, we must transparently inform consumers as to what it means to be truly natural," said Jennifer Barckley, director of communications, Weleda North American, Palisades, NY, whose company recently rolled out a Wild Rose Facial Care Kit.

"Our customers are faced with 'greenwashing' by companies, and it is our responsibility as businesses that make up our industry to give customers what they deserve: transparency and truly healthy products." New certifying organizations and labels are forming--both internationally and domestically--to help in that effort, such as NaTrue (of which Weleda is a founding partner), The Natural Products Association (NPA) and NSF International. The NPA developed a certification program in May 2008 to identify and distinguish truly "natural" personal care products with its Natural Seal, while the NSF recently introduced its Personal Care Products American National Standard, NSF/ANSI 305, which defines labeling and marketing requirements for personal care products that contain organic ingredients.

Prior to the NSF standard, the USDA certification--created for the organic certification of food--was the only organic standard in the U.S. According to NSF, its new certification allows the "contains organic" designation for products with organic content of 70% or more that comply with all other requirements of the standard.

The NSF standard is designed only for "contains organic" claims, and allows for limited chemical processes that are typical for personal care products but would not be allowed for food products covered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Organic Program (NOP).

NSF/ANSI 305 also requires companies to state the exact percentage of organic content based on the requirements of the standard. Like the NOP regulations, the NSF standard includes requirements on organic ingredients, material, process and production specifications and labeling. However, the NSF standard allows for these organic ingredients to undergo certain chemical processes--methods considered synthetic under the NOP.

For example, NSF/ANSI 305 allows saponification to be used in soap production as long as the ingredients that are being combined to make the chemical change are organically derived. In other words, NOP certified ingredients must be used to create the chemical reaction. "Although interesting is too mild word, I think all manufacturers who sell their natural products both in the U.

S. and worldwide, as we do, find that virtually every country has their own different and unique set of certification and labeling requirements," said Mr. Whyte of Badger, whose company participates in the NOP.

"That can be quite challenging." For the consumer, there are different levels of green. For some, a few natural ingredients are enough.

Others are on a mission to scout out that familiar, two-toned USDA Organic circular stamp on the label. According to the NOP, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not define or regulate the term "organic," as it applies to cosmetics, body care or personal care products. The USDA regulates the term "organic" as it applies to agricultural products through its NOP regulations.

Once certified, cosmetics, personal care products and body care products are eligible for the same four organic labeling categories as all other agricultural products, based on their organic content and other factors: * 100% Organic: Product must contain (excluding water and salt) only organically produced ingredients. Products may display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Organic: Product must contain at least 95% organically produced ingredients (excluding water and salt).

Remaining product ingredients must consist of nonagricultural substances approved on the national list or non-organically produced agricultural products that are not commercially available in organic form, also on the national list. Products may display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Made With Organic Ingredients: Products contain at least 70% organic ingredients and product label can list up to three of the organic ingredients or "food" groups on the principal display panel.

Products may not display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Less Than 70% Organic Ingredients: Products cannot use the term "organic" anywhere on the principal display panel. However, they may identify the specific ingredients that are USDA-certified as being organically produced on the ingredients statement on the information panel.

Products may not display the USDA Organic Seal and may not display a certifying agent's name and address. Juice Beauty, creator of patent pending, organic juice-based skin care sold at stores like Sephora, is raising the bar with the introduction of its new USDA certified Organic Collection. Additionally, Juice Beauty's entire collection meets California Organic Products Act (COPA) regulations, which state that products cannot be labeled organic unless their total content (minus water) exceeds 70%, Juice Beauty's chief executive officer and "head juicer" Karen Behnke told HAPPI.

Cutting-Edge Product Rollouts Whether incorporating natural ingredients into already-existing product ranges or rolling out a product in a novel, greener package, marketers are stepping it up for 2009 to capture the attentions of the eco-friendly shopper, from CVS to Sephora. Targeting the at-home formulator, luxury boutique brand L'Occitane recently debuted Ma Creme--an Ecocert-certified moisturizing lotion that one can prepare and keep in a refrigerator for ideal freshness. Users combine a sachet of a preparation rich in plant oils with spring water in a kit-provided glass jar, add a concentrated preparation of organic olive tree extracts, mix and store.

Naturals purveyor Lush also debuted a "fresh" SKU--a treatment for tresses called Hair Doctor that has a shelf life of three months and needs to be kept refrigerated. According to Aimee O'Donnell, Lush product trainer, New York, NY, the Hair Doctor must be refrigerated because there are no synthetic preservatives and the combination of seaweed, glycerine and veggie oils (almond, jojoba and coconut) has a slim chance of spoiling. "The probability is small, but refrigerating the product will help minimize it further.

Plus, it feels extra refreshing and tingly out of the fridge," she said. Revamping a current product line to match the growing need for greener ingredients is also a big trend in the marketplace. Procter & Gamble is reintroducing a variety of its best-selling personal care products for 2009 revitalized with natural ingredients.

Olay's bath and body range now features Olay Botanical Fusion, formulated with "scents and ingredients inspired by nature," such as shea butter and Olay Body Wash Plus Tone-Enhancing Ribbons with mica minerals. Pantene's Nature Fusion shampoo contains anti-aging extracts from the cassia plant; while Clairol Natural Instincts features an antioxidant-rich, ammonia-free formulation. Unilever's Vaseline also supplemented its body care collection with an "Aloe Fresh" formulation with 100% aloe, according to the company.

Victoria's Secret added the Naturally skin care collection to its personal care roster this Spring, featuring combinations such as acai berry and magnolia; grapefruit, lime and mint; blackberry and tonka bean; vanilla and sandalwood and honeysuckle and white patchouli. According to the company, each formulation in the 30-product range starts with a unique water base infused with 34 essential minerals to nourish and support skin, and uses patented, time-release encapsulation technology to ensure sustained delivery of ingredients. One With Nature--a popular line of natural soaps sold at Whole Foods markets--also is tapping the body care market this season with a new line of body lotions that feature Dead Sea minerals, muds and salts combined with vitamin E, aloe and shea butter.

A portion of profits is donated to Friends of the Earth Middle East-a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to the preservation of the Dead Sea. And who can forget the superfruit craze. Noah's Naturals, a personal products line sold at Wal-Mart, recently rolled out its new acai body care range.

The collection features washes, creams and polishes containing extracts from the popular anti-aging Brazilian superfruit combined with other natural ingredients such as jojoba, shea butter and coconut oil. David Babaii for WildAid, the eco-friendly hair care line created by actress Kate Hudson and her hairstylist David Babaii, also has entered the mass market with a recent distribution deal with Rite Aid and Sally Beauty stores nationwide. The range is made from an exclusive blend of "exotic and wild, natural and renewable ingredients" including blue algae, white ginger, cupuacu butter and volcanic ash.

A portion of sales are donated to WildAid, the Global Wildlife Conservation Organization. Hair and body shampoos are indeed categories seeing more and more natural ingredients in new formulations. In response, Evonik recently rolled out Antil Soft SC, a novel liquid multifunctional thickening agent for rinse-off products that reduces moisture loss of skin after surfactant treatment and improves foam creaminess, according to the company.

It is PEG-free, based on natural raw materials and readily biodegradable, which conforms to Ecocert standards, said Evonik. Innovative designs are also on the rise in the green category. Evolution of Smooth (EOS) entered the lip balm with two USDA-certified organic lip products: Lip Balm Smooth Sticks and Lip Balm Smooth Spheres.

Packed with antioxidant-rich vitamin E, soothing shea butter and jojoba oil, EOS lip balms are packaged "soft-to-the-touch" and the Smooth Sphere resembles a small toy ball but it doesn't bounce. A Greener Tomorrow Mintel, a Chicago-based research firm, predicts that there will be many opportunities for growth in green markets during the next few years. Though the recession is expected to impact sales through 2009, Mintel forecasts 19% growth for green products overall through 2013.

Markets including green personal care and environmentally friendly household cleaners are expected to perform especially well. "We expect to see more personal care companies participating in sustainability practices and 'greener' initiatives, more and more brands moving to paraben-free products, and more retailers dedicating space to natural products," noted Ms. Mazzella of Origins.

Dr. Smith of Active Organics predicts "active naturals" as well as "combination products" will be the next big thing in the green domain. "Beauty from within" will be a rising trend in the industry, according to Dr.

Prakash of Sabinsa. "The synergy of beauty from the inside and out segments will grow phenomenally," she told HAPPI, adding that detailed research into molecular mechanisms in skin hydration, aging and skin pigmentation would set the trend for personalized beauty care. In the end, the demand for more natural ingredients is in turn improving the marketplace itself.

"We are seeing a growing trend in the very things that used to be standard: quality, authenticity, the use of high quality natural ingredients and no chemicals," said Mr. White of Badger. "The most important selling point, in my opinion, is that spectacularly natural, authentically crafted products work better and are better for you.

This is especially true in the case of custom formulated, truly natural personal care products. When the botanical ingredients are minimally processed and formulated with thoughtful intention, nothing but good can come of it." Ecocert Opens U.

S. Office in San Francisco ECOCERT--the environmental certification body created in Franc, e in 1991 and recognized by government authorities in more than 80 countries--announced on Earth Day that it now has a location in the U.S.

The Ecocert Standards for Natural and Organic Cosmetics were released in 2002 following a two-year consultation process involving scientists, consumers, industry leaders and governmental representatives. Manufacturers, distributors, brand owners and any operator wishing to use the Ecocert name on labels and marketing material must apply to and be duly inspected and certified by Ecocert. The new office is located in San Francisco, CA.

More info: (415) 773-5320, info. Earth-Sourced Color Cosmetics Are Still on Trend BESIDES SERUMS, SOAPS and sprays, natural ingredients are all the rage in color cosmetics--and at every price point. In this genre, one of the biggest color cosmetic mass market rollouts of 2009 is Almay Pure Blends, a hypoallergenic line made from 97.

5% natural ingredients including a complex of antioxidant fruit and flower extracts housed in eco-friendly packaging. In addition, the brand recently added a Volumizing Mascara to the line, which uses lotus, orchid and acai extracts and natural waxes nourish and soften lashes. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Revlon also recently bulked up its ColorStay Mineral collection with new Finishing Powders featuring coordinated talc-free three-shade marbleized pigments.

Natural color highlights and illuminates and soft pearls play with light. Maybelline New York is also adding on to its Earth-sourced cosmetic offerings with two new products for Summer 2009, a Mineral Power Bronzer and Illuminator. Even Max Factor got in on the naturals trend with its new Vivid Impact Lipcolor, infused with shea butter for a moisturizing finish that feels like lip balm.

According to the company, the lip product is made up of more than 60% conditioners and moisturizers. Mineral category leader BareMinerals recently debuted its 100% Natural Lipglosses and Lipliners, which combine natural oils, butters, flower extracts and mineral colorants to optimize the effect of each ingredient while delivering rich creamy color, texture and shine with no artificial dyes or preservatives. Sunflower, sesame, jojoba and pomegranate oils are cold pressed to preserve their natural benefits and then combined with Brazilian cupuacu butter, rice bran wax and honeysuckle, among other ingredients.

The blend is then heated to ideal temperatures and combined in a proprietary "nine phase process." After being heated, the ingredients are slowly brought back down to room temperature while stirring by hand. This delicate balance of processing and temperature control allows optimization of each ingredient and contributes to the formula's buttery texture, cushiony feel and superior color payoff, according to the company.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Cargo Cosmetics revolutionized eco-friendly beauty with its PlantLove lipsticks, the first-ever environmentally friendly lipstick in a compostable tube made entirely from corn. Now, Cargo has expanded PlantLove to an entire line and is said to be the only prestige brand to be given the eco-distinction of Ecocert. The collection features everything from eyeshadows to bronzers.

Another popular naturals cosmetics brand, Tarte, is adding on to its colorful roster of offerings with the EyeQuatic collection for Summer 2009--a set that includes three "mermaid inspired" Lock & Roll Creaseless Cream & Powder Eyeshadow Duos in tangerine, turquoise and purple as well as a deluxe-sized Lights, Camera, Splashes! Waterproof Mascara. The eyeshadows are formulated with aquamarine and other mineral pigments, while the mascara uses beeswax as a waterproofing agent and carnauba wax for a smooth application.

Tarte also is adding some shade extentions for the season: a new Rise & Shine Lip Stain/Lip-Enhancing Gloss in Berrylicious with the brand's signature T5 superfruit complex and an EmphasEyes High Definition Eye Pencil in Charcoal, which contains palm oil in its formulation. A list of new ingredients from industry suppliers begins on p. 56 Melissa Meisel Associate Editor

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The first step is to read through the user's guide, and make sure it's not in a "test" mode. If after reading the manual it still wasn't working, I'd exchange it for a different unit.If the new unit didn't work, I'd either try a different brand/model, or forget about using an occupancy sensor.I attempted to install a Lutron 2 AMP occupancy sensor this weekend, replacing a simple single-pole switch.Installation seemed to be straightforward enough. However, when the time came to test it, it exhibited a funny symptom. About 9 out of 10 times it detected motion and tried to turn on the lights, the lights would be on for a split of a second, and then went off. Very occasionally, the lights would turn on and stay on, functioning normally.I suspected the switch might require a minimum wattage - I was using 4 LED bulbs, but after changing to 4 incandescent bulbs, the issue still remained.This sensor requires a ground wire, which is used to power the standby circuit. I made sure grounding worked. It did. In fact, the sensor wouldn't even function without the ground wire connected.I then tested the switch on a different location, also replacing a single-pole switch. The configuration of wires was identical to the previous location. This time, the lights wouldn't even turn on at all.I thought I must have broken the sensor, but I tested it again at the first location to be sure. It's not broken (at least not completely), and still exhibited the "immediately off after turning the lights on" issue at the first location.I am stumped. Was it likely that I got a bad unit? Or is the problem the quality of grounding ("weak ground")? Any advice/suggestion is appreciated!.OTHER ANSWER:I attempted to install a Lutron 2 AMP occupancy sensor this weekend, replacing a simple single-pole switch.Installation seemed to be straightforward enough. However, when the time came to test it, it exhibited a funny symptom. About 9 out of 10 times it detected motion and tried to turn on the lights, the lights would be on for a split of a second, and then went off. Very occasionally, the lights would turn on and stay on, functioning normally.I suspected the switch might require a minimum wattage - I was using 4 LED bulbs, but after changing to 4 incandescent bulbs, the issue still remained.This sensor requires a ground wire, which is used to power the standby circuit. I made sure grounding worked. It did. In fact, the sensor wouldn't even function without the ground wire connected.I then tested the switch on a different location, also replacing a single-pole switch. The configuration of wires was identical to the previous location. This time, the lights wouldn't even turn on at all.I thought I must have broken the sensor, but I tested it again at the first location to be sure. It's not broken (at least not completely), and still exhibited the "immediately off after turning the lights on" issue at the first location.I am stumped. Was it likely that I got a bad unit? Or is the problem the quality of grounding ("weak ground")? Any advice/suggestion is appreciated!
Mobile Water Treatment Unit Helpful After Flooding and Disaster
Mobile water treatment units can be attached to a trailer and it can be rented for location projects. The unit is equipped usually with a reverse osmosis treatment membrane as well as filters and other steps to filter and clean water.With a combination of the reverse osmosis and softening elements, the water is able to filter out water and give the water some balance. As you know, hard water consists of magnesium and calcium, when you add softeners it is able to neutralize the magnesium and calcium.Reducing the fluoride in the waterThey also will reduce chlorides and sulfur in the water, as well as, take out arsenic, fluoride, nitrates, and other ions that can cause heavy metal poisoning. It will allow you to clean the water in order to reuse it. They are used when it comes to oil field brine and mining tailings (or water recovered from within the mines). It is considered an industrial waste treatment, because it cleans the water that is found and then it separates the waste.These systems are to clean the groundwater or storm water that is found in construction areas. It will work well when the air is highly contaminated with some type of micro-particles. Mobile water treatments will place drinking water chemicals into he water that is pumped.Most of these machines can hold up to 12,500 gallons of water. It will discharge the solid material and sediments and is constantly processing the water so that it can eliminate as much of those contaminates as possible. The intake and discharge is sixty gallons of water a minute, so it is constantly taking more water in and releasing clear water.Reducing problems with drinking waterThe reason why many companies will rent this machines is so that they can get rid of the water that blocks or prohibits them from working and allowing the water to become cleaned and emptied into man holes. This is one way that construction and mining companies can be socially responsible. They clean the water before they dispose of them so that it doesn't harm anyone when they dispose of the water.When a company rents one of this machines, they will spend somewhere between $900-$1200 a day to pump out the water from their work area. Mostly construction, mining, and oil companies will find the need to rent these machines to help them with their work. They will do their best to get out as much water at once as possible so that the water can be pumped out quickly and so they can reduce the renting costs of a mobile water treatment.
How to Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard
Cardboard is one of those materials that can be used in different ways. This material is quite flexible which is why it is easy to recycle. Many people make a range of items from this material.If you are one of those people who want to make lovely toys for their kids, then you can do it! All you need is DIY guts and a lot of cardboard material. No doubt that for this project, you have to get a lot of cardboard. Worried about where to find cardboard boxes? Well, these boxes are readily available at online box companies.At the moment, we are going to tell you the simple method of making an Amazing Car Vending Machine from Cardboard. Have a look:1. First of all, you have to mark lines on a plain cardboard sheet and then cut it with a sharp blade.2. Take another cardboard sheet of the same size and then apply hot glue on it with the hot glue gun.3. After that, you have to fix this sheet onto another sheet to make a side.4. Take two more cardboard sheets to make the 2nd and 3rd side of the vending machine. Apply a small amount of hot glue on the base of these sheets to fix them.5. Now you have to get a small piece of cardboard, and the fix it in the middle of one side with the help of hot glue.6. Take three more cardboard pieces and join them in such a way that it makes a slide for the cars.7. You have to fix this sliding piece onto the middle piece of the cardboard.8. To give support to the slide you have to put a big piece of cardboard under it.9. Apply glue on a small rectangular piece and then fix it down to one side10. Pass a big toothpick from the supporting cardboard and this small piece. In this way, both of these will not move at all.11. Take three ice cream sticks and then cut one and fix its pieces on the other two to join them.12. Now you have to get five square pieces of cardboard of the same length. You have to join them one after the other to make a small square shaped box.13. Glue the ice cream sticks beneath this box.14. Now fix this piece under the slide pieces of cardboard. The ice cream sticks will be making the box movable so that the cars could easily slide.15. Take paper pieces and roll than on a thin wooden stick one after the other. Now take two pieces of ice cream sticks and glue it on these wooden sticks.16. It is the time to make the entire system of the vending machine. You have to do some engineering stuff to make the system perfectly.17. Make use of wires and then fix them onto the battery. Make sure you have used a small battery. 18. Take an aluminum foil and use it in the system so that the wires don't move at all. You have to do the systematic steps carefully.19. When your system is ready, then you have to fix it in your vending set of cardboard.20. Join the ice cream sticks box with the thread to the roller. Fix the roller with glue onto the base of the box.22.Complete the remaining vending machine with cardboard according to your desire. You can do the finishing on your own in any style.21. Now you have to close the front side so that the internal systems hide completely·RELATED QUESTIONI didn't get Google Glass Explorer Edition. Is trying to learn Glass dev without the hardware a futile effort?No, you can still learn the fundamentals of Glass development without the hardware.There are three main approaches for accomplishing this:1) Visit the Mirror API documentation, get into the playground, and start hashing up some code. Download the PHP, Java, and Python library, whichever you're most comfortable with. Familiarize yourself with the jargon and converntions (timeline, bundles, menus, etc). Read the support documentation (second link below) to see how the Glass hardware actually functions. Build some apps to this specification. Soon enough, you will find a friend with hardware to t
Top 10 Questions About Door Handles Answered
Considering that door handles may still be new to many people, we provide ten common questions and answers about door handles for you to get started.1. Have you ever seen painters paint & not cover lights & door handles?sounds like they were either lazy & trying to rush through the job or incompetent. now you know who NOT to hire next time you need painters.2. How do I remove adhesive chrome door handles?A heat gun. It loosens the glue. BF said he has done it before and it works for taking stickers and decals off cars also3. How to Apply Liquid Car Wax | DoItYourself.comLiquid car wax is applied in basically the same way as traditional car wax. The same rules or suggestions hold true for its application. You Will Need Your car should be completely clean and polished before you apply any wax. Wax is the protective coating that will protect your shine and your car paint. Wash and dry your car in a shaded location. Then polish it with any good car polish. Starting either at the front or back of the car work in one direction, doing first one side and then the other so you will get complete coverage. You may find you want to do only one section at a time, especially if it is a hot day as the wax well set up quickly. Do the waxing in the shade. Shake the container well and pour a bit onto a clean rag. Apply it to the body of the car in a circular motion. Allow the wax to dry per packaging instructions and then use a clean, soft rag to buff it or an electric buffer. Pay special attention to areas around chrome, door handles, and such as it can be difficult to remove wax from these areas.4. UAE COVID-19: How to keep kids safe in pools and playgrounds during the pandemicBut, as we tear down the barricade tape and dust off those swings and water slides, it is easy to forget that the virus has not actually vanished. Although recovery rates are high and the curve has dipped dramatically, there are still hundreds of new Covid-19 cases being reported every day, and we are all aware of the possibility of a second wave. So how safe is it to take our little ones back to these public play facilities? But it's a question of weighing up the potential risk against the benefit of being able to restore some sense of normality - for our children's mental and physical health, as well as for the economy. If you are taking your little ones out to enjoy public play facilities in Dubai during the pandemic, here are some ways that you can mitigate the risks: Are playgrounds and water parks safe to visit now? It may be hot outside, but it is far safer - in terms of the virus risk - to be playing outside than inside, says Dr Genesis' Fiona Rennie. "Outdoor playgrounds and pools have the benefit of fresh air and more space between people than indoor spaces. If you are going to leave home than it is safer to be outside, where the airflow can help dilute the virus, than in a mall, where there is less airflow." "Indoor spaces, with limited air exchange or recycled air and lots of people, are concerning from a [virus] transmission standpoint," says Dr Erin Bromage, Associate Professor of Biology at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, who studies the immunological mechanisms responsible for protection from infectious disease. However, in the heat of the UAE, make sure you are being sun smart, so as not to run into any other health issues: "Hot weather can affect your baby or child because their bodies cannot adjust to changes in temperature as well as adults," says Dr Rennie. "Babies and children sweat less, reducing their bodies' ability to cool down, and they generate more heat during exercise than adults. Babies and young children are at greater risk of dehydration and heat stroke than adults and are not able to advise you that they are overheating." Scientists have found that SARS-CoV-2 remains viable for up to 72 hours on plastic and steel surfaces, and for up to 8 hours on copper and cardboard surfaces. We also know that it is possible for someone to become infected by the virus through touching a contaminated surface, and then touching their nose, mouth or eyes (although this is not thought to be the main way that the virus spreads). So hard plastic and steel playground surfaces, touched by multiple children's hands, are a potential risk. Although Dubai Municipality's guidelines and protocol for reopening requires that playground equipment is sanitized at least once every hour, frequently washing or sanitizing your child's hands will reduce this risk further. "If there are not bathrooms nearby to wash children hands regularly then carry hand sanitizer along with a bottle of water to rinse any sand or dirt off the hands before using sanitizer (hand sanitizer is less effective on dirty or greasy hands)," says Dr Rennie. "If eating at the playground make sure you clean your child's hands first and also clean their hands after leaving the playground." However, public bathrooms can be a significant risk in themselves, Dr Bromage says: "Bathrooms have a lot of high-touch surfaces, door handles, faucets, stall doors. So [virus] transfer risk in this environment can be high. We still do not know whether a person releases infectious material in feces or just fragmented virus, but we do know that toilet flushing does aerosolize many droplets. Treat public bathrooms with extra caution (surface and air), until we know more about the risk." While you may think that the scorching sun here in the UAE could act as its own disinfectant for pathogens on outdoor play equipment, the evidence is currently unclear. The World Health Organisation originally debunked the role of sunlight in killing coronavirus as one of its WHO myth busters. However, a study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases on 20 May 2020 concluded that simulated sunlight rapidly inactivates SARSCoV-2 on surfaces. Nonetheless, the researchers pointed out that local weather conditions and droplet size could affect the survival of the virus on surfaces, so more research is needed to fully understand the impact of sunlight on viral inactivation. Do children need to socially distance? Social distancing is paramount in order to curb the spread - and it's also incredibly difficult with to enforce with children. Dubai Municipality's protocol for reopening outdoor playgrounds requires that people maintain a two-metre distance from each other - including not using adjacent swings if there is not a sufficient distance between them - and that in play areas where it is difficult to do so there should be a maximum capacity limit. Surgical masks and cloth masks are both worthwhile, as even cloth masks can help catch droplets produced when someone sneezes or coughs. "In the over two-year-olds masks should be worn in outside spaces," says Dr Fiona Rennie from Genesis Clinic in Dubai. "However if your child is continually touching their face or readjusting the mask then wearing a mask can be counterproductive and increase the risk of contracting the virus. Children under two should not wear a mask because of the risk of suffocation." The CDC says evidence suggests that Covid-19 cannot be spread to humans through most recreational water. Additionally, "proper operation of these aquatic venues and disinfection of the water (with chlorine or bromine) should inactivate the virus that causes Covid-19." So, if you trust that the swimming pool chlorine levels are being properly maintained (as they should per Dubai Municipality requirements) then being in the same swimming pool as others should be relatively safe. If you are taking your child to a public play facility where there are other children then it is impossible to take away the risk of catching coronavirus completely. However, more than three months of social isolation and being cooped up indoors can have its own risks for our children's mental health. "There have been many reports of behavioral issues, anxiety, and milestone and sleep regression in children during lockdown which indicates that they are under stress," says Dr Rennie. "Going out, fresh air, with room to run and play is definitely good for a child's mental health and restores some level of normality. It is safe providing social distancing is observed and masks are worn when appropriate."
What Would Happen If a Charger Tried to Pull More Current Than a QC 3.0 Source Can Output?
There are four possibilities maybe more but mostly 4.One the voltage will drop relative to the current being pulled. The voltage source is going out of regulation.Two the regulator will going into a overload mode and turn off Many Regulators have self protection circuits. This may cycle on and off until the condition is fixed. Three, the circuit will burn or short circuit or some other destructive state. A burned fuse or inductor or mosfet or ic. Four, unlikely, the circuit will go into a current limit mode.There is no way to know without all the part numbers and schematic. Of both your charger and the target (how it will act to under current conditions is even more complicated and guesswork) So best to not overload your circuit. The significant difference between the two source power output should be enough to make this common senseI've got this charger: It takes 12.7 - 16V input from a car and outputs 13.05V at 6.1A (80W)I want to utilize a USB-PD and / or USB-C QC 3.0 charger.I can get a USB-C trigger: It connects to a USB-C QC or PD power source and allows me to select the output voltage.What I want to do is connect:QC 3.0 Power Supply -> USB trigger set to output 12V -> 12V car charger for DJI battery -> DJI batteryThe idea is to use a QC 3.0 power supply to recharge a DJI battery (albeit slowly).QC 3.0 can only output up to 18W of power, so if I used the USB trigger to select 12V as the output voltage, the QC 3.0 source would only output a max of 1.5A, but the DJI battery charger wants to output 80W of power.Would this destroy the QC 3.0 source? Or would the QC 3.0 source just happily output a continuous 12V @ 1.5A and the DJI charger would simply charge the batteries at a slower rate (18W?) without damaging anything?·OTHER ANSWER:I've got this charger: It takes 12.7 - 16V input from a car and outputs 13.05V at 6.1A (80W)I want to utilize a USB-PD and / or USB-C QC 3.0 charger.I can get a USB-C trigger: It connects to a USB-C QC or PD power source and allows me to select the output voltage.What I want to do is connect:QC 3.0 Power Supply -> USB trigger set to output 12V -> 12V car charger for DJI battery -> DJI batteryThe idea is to use a QC 3.0 power supply to recharge a DJI battery (albeit slowly).QC 3.0 can only output up to 18W of power, so if I used the USB trigger to select 12V as the output voltage, the QC 3.0 source would only output a max of 1.5A, but the DJI battery charger wants to output 80W of power.Would this destroy the QC 3.0 source? Or would the QC 3.0 source just happily output a continuous 12V @ 1.5A and the DJI charger would simply charge the batteries at a slower rate (18W?) without damaging anything?
Top 10 Questions About Led Lighting Answered
Considering that led lighting may still be new to many people, we provide ten common questions and answers about led lighting for you to get started.1. Outdoor Wedding Reception Lighting Tips for a Great NightIf so, one important feature you do not want to miss is the lighting. If you are going to keep your outdoor reception lit, you are going to need to invest in some of the best lighting available. When done well, lighting can make everything look great. The right amount of illumination can put the focus on everything from the bridal party table to the dance floor, wedding cake, and more. Here are a few tips to help you chose the appropriate, outdoor wedding reception lighting. Pin Spot Pin spot lighting is a beam of light that is designed to shine directly on something such as a wedding cake, the gift table, or even the open bar. Color Wash This is a blanket of lights strung together. They can be laid over an area to create an ambiance. Gobos These are stencils that can be placed over a light at an outdoor wedding reception to create a pattern or make a statement. Some use these to put up dates, names of the bride and groom, and more. LED LED lighting is very popular for outdoor weddings. Coming in all colors, shapes, and sizes, these lights are more vibrant and energy efficient. String Lighting As the name implies, these are strands of lights on a string much like those on a Christmas tree. Now that you have a better understanding of the most popular types of outdoor wedding reception lights. The next tip to keeping your reception lit all night long is to choose lighting that suits the style of your wedding. Classic If you are going with a classic wedding, you might consider going with table lighting such as silver candelabras. This will give off an elegant glow. Candles are a great idea for classic weddings. It sets a very romantic, low-key tone. Rustic Thinking more of a barn-style wedding reception? Why not go with something like market lights? They are a lot larger than the average Christmas tree lights with each bulb giving off powerful illumination. These would be great for lining the dance floor or the entryway to your outdoor wedding tent. Romantic If you are looking for a really romantic lighting idea, lanterns speak volumes. Allow your guest to release colorful lanterns into the night sky as you look on and remember your special day. Edgy If you are going for a bit more of an edgy feel, then color lights are your best friend. Choose vibrant and bold colors that make a statement. You might even go a bit more modern and choose pattern lights or lights that change color for an extra pop. What kind of lighting will you have at your outdoor wedding reception? Everyone wants to get on the dance floor and dance the night away. If you are planning an outdoor wedding reception, lighting is everything. It can take an outdoor tent from basic and drab to lit and fab in a matter of seconds. Make sure that you choose lighting that will draw attention to the intricate details of your wedding and also keep the party lit all night long.2. With all the talk of banning incandescent bulbs, is there a non-fading alternative to fluorescent lighting?Fluorescent lighting emits UV radiation, so it is not good for your eyes either. UV-blocking sleeves, coverings, and panels are available for fluorescent light bulbs. Unless they are the standard, long tubes, the fluorescent bulbs often get fried; I think that they are more sensitive to brown outs and power spikes. They can mess up your TV reception and certainly AM radio. LED lighting can be safe, depending on the manufacturer. It is even more cost effective than fluorescent...however, in my experience, neither non-standard fluorescent or LED lights last as long as incandescent lights (due to manufacturing problems), even though they promise to last many times longer. LED lights are very expensive at the moment, and there can be problems with them emitting too much light, some can damage your eyes, but regardless, the bright light can be harsh. Another problem with LED lighting is getting white light. It is hard to blend the colors and make the intensities just right to get a nice, white color. The white LEDS tend to look bluish. Apart from these two, either you are using more electricity, or you are sacrificing lumens (light intensity). Also, with the other alternatives, it is hard to get reading or white light and you can run into problems with their heat.
All Natural Skin Care Products
A range of all natural skin care products are developing a niche on the platform of cosmetics industry. These natural products comprises of pure and natural ingredients obtained from nature's resources. Nature has various resources that have been a part of beauty regimes for centuries.Natural skin care products assist in restoring skin's natural moisture and stimulating skin's natural functions. These also promote healing and preventing skin against damage. The usage of natural beauty products enhances spirituality, vitality and sensuality, giving way to a healthier and youthful appearance.Not all natural cosmetics are pure. These beauty products contain extracts from animals and plants that may not be 100% pure. Natural products may be organic as well as inorganic. Some of the products made from inorganic ingredients may be harmful to the skin but the one made from 100% pure and organic ingredients are the best solution to any skin ailment.People today are turning more towards organic skin care products because they are made of pure, safe, clean and potent plant extracts, nurturing the complete ecology and providing a better glowing skin and longer lasting beauty. The most common ingredients are zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, Aloe Vera, olive oil, castor oil, cloves, citrus fruits, milk, honey, tea tree, lavender, coconut milk, eucalyptus oil and rose. These non toxic skin care products let the skin breathe and respire, offering a completely new and outstanding look.The most common skin problem today is acne and wrinkles. The market of anti wrinkle skin care products is growing tremendously. India being the hub for all natural beauty products has the largest market for anti wrinkle products as well. People in India suffer skin damage mostly because of sun rays and these anti wrinkles products help them combat the skin damage.Many people are doing a thorough market research and are taking help of various professional natural skin care products to look better. Wholesale skin care products including creams, lotions, sun screen, moisturizer, toner and night renewal creams are available in the market for both men and women.Why one forgets that a beautiful skin is the result of a healthy body. If a person is physically and mentally fit, the skin will glow naturally and will not require any cosmetic to enhance the normal skin functions. A good diet with the right quantity of right nutrients will always reflect natural beauty.Today there are many herbal supplements available in the market. These medicines are made of various natural herbs which have been proved to be very effective in maintaining a healthy skin. To get detailed information on these herbal supplements please click on the links.
The Hottest Questions About Power Supply
Do you want to know about power supply? Here are some frequently asked questions.1. Will this video card work with this power supply?It needs approximately 149 Watt because the PSU requirements on most graphic cards are not really what they need to be. I am running a HD 4650 that needs "400W" but I only have 305W and has been working well for 2 years. Oh yeah not sure if it needs a 6 pin power connector so can not help you on that question. At the bottom is a link to "REAL" PSU requirements. EDIT: Oh I just looked on amazon and the XFX version needs a 6 pin power connector so it just depends on your model. I prefer XFX brand.2. How does a switching power supply differ from a power supply?Edit, solutions is doing weird and wonderful issues. I even have got here upon that while you are applying/ construction some thing with diverse relays, and applying SPDT and DPDT relays, it fairly is extra low priced interior the long-term to apply DPDT relays in determination to SPDT relays. it can be a 3PST Wingman3. Why is my power supply not staying on?A few ideas (and no, I am not making ANY assumption on your knowledge/Tech Level) A) Is board touching the case (Mounted correctly) B) Have you Disconnect all Peripherals and just booted the board. C) Are you using on-board Video or a separate Card (Voltages) Different cards (Video) use different voltages, the same as CPU's etc so I would disconnect all the extras and just boot the board. Does it beep? If the shut down is instant, then I would look towards you having a bad Motherboard (and/or CPU) but generally I would lean towards the board, but bear in mind, I am not there to assess, nor here to Judge.. Did you connect the speaker so you can hear any Bios Beep codes?4. Help with creating a computer--Power Supply?It depends on what you are going to be using it for besides average gaming. If you are going to power two monitors and color laser printer and some external USB drives as well as a high end multi-core CPU 600w wo not do. Some gamers get a bigger than necessary PS since they know they with get more memory, solid state harddrives, etc as their budget allows ( 1000W makes sense). However, if you are running only one monitor, no externals, and have a reasonable CPU 600 w is sufficient5. Power supply problem on my laptop?Your battery may be completely discharged. Just like other rechargeable NI-CD batteries, the Lithium-Ion battery will eventually loose its ability to keep its charge. The most simple solution is to buy a new battery.6. Buck converter based switching power supply?This is a simplified version of the circuit you have. Note the polarity is backwards from your circuit:7. How to test a Power Supply?Power supply Tester. They are cheap and will test ALL of your out put voltages and wattage. You can get them about anywhere. Very smart thing to do!8. 12VDC power supply for backyard stereo?go find your self a old pc in the trash and gank the power supply and tie into the 12vdc lines9. What power supply do i get?450w is fine!10. will my power supply power a 9600gt?It really depends on how long and how hard you push your system, you max out your wattage all the time might burn out that PSU, but most likly not11. help about power supply please?while a capability furnish is rated at 4 hundred watts meaning it may furnish as much as 4 hundred watts of DC capability. the capability furnish takes AC capability out of your wall outlet at a hundred and twenty volts and converts it to 12v, 5v, 3.3v DC for the drives, CPU, motherboard, and so forth. .. the certainty is that your computing device will use around one hundred watts AC capability or much less. A Kill-A-Watt meter might properly be bought for around $20 and that assist you to comprehend the real capability utilization of any equipment12. Power supply upgrade? ?Put it this way, a good quality 460W PSU may be better than a cheap 500W PSU. The key thing is the 12V current capacity, and the 6870 requires two PCI-E 6 pin power connectors. Most 460W PSU have only one, or none. So, I do question how they can properly power the 6870 with a 460W PSU, unless they had one designed to match the card. Do not accept that system if they use Molex to PCI-E power adapters, that can cause voltage drops and strange video card problems... PS: Their web site says there is an option for a 6770 video card, no mention of the 6870... A 6770 will run with a 450W PSU...
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